State in words the main points of the topic –either phenomena or experiments
implies answer should include reference to (visual observations) associated with phenomena
GIVE OBSERVATIONS!! WHAT CAN BE SEEN
Eg. Describe the differences between X and Y
Compare X and Y.
Note: Point-to-point comparison between X and Y is needed
May imply reasoning or some reference to theory, depending on context
GIVE REASONS!! ANSWER THE ‘WHY”
EXPLAIN= Describe + give reasons. Students have to quote values if a figure/ graph/table was given in the question.